Spring is in the air.
Two days ago was the vernal equinox – the first of two days this year in which we have equal amounts of sunlight and darkness. From here, the days keep getting longer until we hit the summer solstice, or the longest day of the year.
The advent of spring makes a lot of people happy. We talk about spring cleaning, spring fever, April showers and May flowers. It’s often a symbol of new life, of new beginnings, and of new spring fashion colors.
But there’s another use of the word spring that has nothing to do with leaping or rising or gushing or darting or beginning.
A long-known oddity of English is its use of different terms for a group of collective nouns, one of the more famous of which being an exaltation of larks. We enjoy these possibly because the noun used for “group” is often so descriptive, even playfully so. Not to mention we often become familiar with more vocabulary than we did before: I never knew that a cony was a type of European rabbit, but now I also know that a group of them is called a bury of conies.
Many of the lists of collective nouns are dominated by birds: the aforementioned exaltation of larks; a band of jays; a watch of nightingales. Here is where we find our other use of the word spring: a spring of teals. A teal is a type of duck that is found in various varieties around the world. Here is a blue-winged (teal-winged?) bird found in North America.
These collective nouns can be a bit obscure at times:
- a rout of knights
- a sord of mallards
- a drift of swine
They can also be playful or satirical:
- a converting of preachers
- a neverthriving of jugglers
- an ostentation of peacocks
- a number of mathematicians
- a conspiracy of ravens
- a ponder of philosophers
And some can be a little mean:
- an ugly of walruses
- a murder of crows
- a gaggle of gossips (or woman – not misogynist at all!)
- an abominable sight of monks
A more exhaustive and quite amusing list of 15th century collective nouns can be found here. In addition, here is another list, created for English language learners, that includes first a long list, and then a very interesting reorganized list by term and reference.
So what’s your favorite? (So far, I’m going with a superfluity of nuns.)